i-Food Medical Conditions
Arthritis is an umbrella term given to two types
of conditions involving joint pain. One type of arthritis
is properly termed rheumatoid arthritis, and this
comes under the category of autoimmune diseases. This
is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the
entire body but especially the synovial membranes
of joints. It may also be accompanied with fatigue
and weakness. Its treatment requires controlling as
many contributing factors as possible, including dietary
measures and digestive aids and the use of nutritionals
with anti-inflammatory properties. Certainly many
of the nutritionals and antiiflammatories may be used
for both types of arthritis to good effect.
Osteoarthritis is the more common type of arthritis
and is the one discussed here. It is characterized
by the degeneration, destruction and erosion of the
cartilage of the joints and bony outgrowths at the
edges of the joints. The joint surfaces become irregular
and do not articulate well with each other. The joint
cavity between adjacent bones gradually narrows so
that eventually the bones may directly scrape against
one another. Osteoarthritis is more prevalent in weight-bearing
joints such as those of the knees, hips, ankles, elbows,
wrists, spine and shoulder.
Onset is gradual with progressive pain, soft tissue
swelling and some joint enlargement.
The incidence of osteoarthritis increases with age.
Poor digestion and enzyme deficiency may be implicated,
as are chemical imbalances and dietary deficiencies,
especially those which promote an overly acidic environment.
Food intolerances (which provoke an inflammatory response)
may also be involved. Excess wear and tear on or trauma
to joints may be a factor and excess weight bearing
Avoid processed and refined carbohydrates. Consume
high fibre foods and plenty of green vegetables. Minimise
fats and eliminate foods from the solanaceae family
(potatoes, tomatoes, aubergine, capsicum, and tobacco).
Avoid physical activity which involves traumatic
strain, but undertake non-weight bearing aerobic exercise
daily if possible (eg, swimming). Some postural correction
may be required.
Glucosamine Sulphate 2 caps tds to reduce joint
pain and swelling and improve range of movement. It
is necessary for the healthy formation of numerous
bodily substances including articular surfaces, ligaments,
tendons, synovial fluid, skin, bone, nails and mucous
Bromelain enzyme 2 tabs tds between meals to help
digest protein. Decreases soft tissue swelling, inflammation
Essential Fatty Acids (fish oils) 2 4 caps tds.
To help down-regulate inflammatory prostaglandins.
Boswellia serrata part used gum
Specifically inhibits formation of pro-inflammatory
Dosage: 1ml three times daily.
Devils Claw Harpagophytum procumbens
part used root
Harpagosides are responsible for analgesic action,
while the iridoids are bitter and stimulate digestive
secretions. The whole extract shows significant activity
as an anti-inflammatory and analgesic.
Fluid extract dosage: 1 2 ml three times daily.
Celery seed Apium graviolens part used
Diuretic, anti-inflammatory, pain relief in joints.
It helps excrete the waste metabolites responsible
for the irritation and consequent inflammation of
Dosage: 1 ml three times daily.
The common cold is an infectious disease causing
inflammation of the mucous membranes of the upper
respiratory tract. It is caused by any one of hundreds
of different viruses.
Nasal discomfort with watery discharge and sneezing
Dry, sore throat
Red, swollen nasal mucosa
Swollen cervical lymph nodes
NB. The flu is more serious than a cold; many
people mistakenly label their upper respiratory
infection as a flu, but the flu normally begins
with a violent headache and bodily aches and pains
and much less, if any, nasal discharge. A flu will
often confine the patient to bed rest for a couple
of days, if not longer.
Prevention is obviously the best way to deal with
colds. Most healthy adults experience 2 5 colds
per year; children, with their developing immune
systems, often experience twice this number.
People with healthier immune systems either catch
fewer colds than those who dont or the duration
of their colds is much shorter.
The immune system is weakened by constant exposure
to allergens, therefore if a person has certain
food sensitivities (or other sensitivities such
as dust mites or cosmetic products like shampoo)
then they will be more prone to catching colds than
someone who is not frequently exposed to their allergen.
So if one often suffers colds then one should look
at strengthening the immune system and perhaps investigating
One of the key factors in promoting a healthy immune
system is adequate nutrition. Certain dietary habits
(other than continued consumption of possibly allergenic
foods) can either promote or undermine a healthy
Those that undermine the immune system include
excess refined carbohydrates (sugar and white flour
products) and processed foods which have high levels
of chemicals and fats, tobacco, excess caffeine
and alcohol and prescribed and recreational drug
use. Excessive stress is another factor adversely
impacting on immunity.
A high proportion of fresh fruit and vegetables,
low fat lean meat and fibre in the diet have a positive
effect on immune status. Drinking enough water (or
herbal tea or natural unsweetened fruit juice) is
also essential to maintain a healthy immune system.
Obviously following the above measures will not
only improve ones resistance to colds but also
improve ones overall health, well-being and energy
Maintaining levels of iron, zinc and vitamins A
and C will help prevent catching a cold.
Vitamin C 500 1000mg every two hours at the
first signs of a cold.
Vitamin A 25,000 iu per day (not in pregnancy)
Zinc 23mg elemental zinc every 2 waking hours
for one week.
Iron 15mg per day
Echinacea angustifolia 2.5 5ml up to four times
a day for the first two days, then reduce to 3 times
daily for a week after cold symptoms have subsided.
Echinacea may inhibit the replication of the cold
Licorice Glycyrrhiza glabra 2-6 ml of
liquid extract per day. Licorice has anti-viral
properties, is anti-inflammatory and is soothing
to the mucous membranes of the throat. It is also
an antitussive expectorant. Licorice is contraindicated
in those with high blood pressure.
Goldenseal Hydrastis canadensis 2
4.5 ml liquid extract per day. Goldenseal is anti-catarrhal
and a tonic to the mucous membranes.
Olive leaf Olea europaea - 3.5 7ml per
day. Olive leaf has anti-viral properties and is
a potent antioxidant.
Ginger Zingiber officinale - .7 - 3 ml
per day. Ginger is anti-inflammatory and enhances
the actions of the other herbs.
After the acute stage of a cold has passed, a more
rapid and complete recovery may be achieved by adding
further botanicals to those used above.
Among these, Astragalus has much merit & may
shorten the recovery time. Siberian Ginseng helps
rebuild the white blood cell count and offset the
feelings of post-viral fatigue.
Constipation is the difficulty in passing stools
or infrequent passage of stools.
Ideally, a person should pass formed stools once
daily. Twice daily is not usually considered too frequent;
once every two days is probably not frequent enough.
Consistency should be formed, that is, of a bulk.
Hard pellets or semi-liquid consistency are not desirable.
Contributory causes include: highly refined and low
fibre food, inadequate fluid intake, inadequate exercise,
pregnancy, advanced age, certain pharmaceutical drugs,
certain bowel diseases, neurogenic abnormalities,
structural disturbances or abnormalities.
As the causes are varied, first one must identify
which are the main causes of the constipation being
treated. Regardless, a diet high in fibre and with
sufficient water should be followed. Even if the patient
is not aware of any structural problems a visit to
a reputable chiropractor or osteopath may be helpful
to correct irregularities or misalignments in the
spine which may be affecting the nervous system serving
the digestive system.
Never repress or ignore the urge to defecate.
Bran (15g per day) may alleviate constipation due
its cellulose content. The following fruit may also
help: figs soaked overnight, prunes, kiwifruit and
Flax seeds - 2 3 tsp of ground flax seeds meal
(eg in yogurt or on cereal) consumed with water.
Psyllium seeds 1 2 tsp after meals in a full
glass of water.
Aloe vera juice 20 ml (approx) two or three times
Magnesium (150mg/day) may relieve chronic constipation.
Lactobacillus acidophilus (2 caps, morning or morning
and night) is of some benefit to 90% of constipation
Cascara sagrada 3 -8 ml per day. Cascara is contraindicated
in pregnancy and for children, and those with intestinal
inflammation or obstruction, those with Crohns Disease
and appendicitis. Cascara may cause griping or cramping
pain & is usually prescribed together with another
herb to reduce the discomfort.
Rhubarb leaf and senna are two other herbal tinctures
used to treat constipation and have the same cautions
Laxative preparations should not be used on a daily
basis as constipation is merely a symptom of an imbalance.
The best approach is to correct the imbalance so that
constipation does not occur.
Diarrhoea involves the chronic or acute frequent
passing of loose, watery stools. It is a symptom of
other ailments and is not in itself a disease. Diarrhoea
lasting for more than a few days should not be taken
lightly and its cause should be properly determined.
Diagnosis may require microscopic examination and
culturing of the stools for infectious agents, or
special tests like intestinal biopsy and X-rays.
Generally speaking, acute diarrhoea is usually due
to dietary problems such as excessive fruit consumption,
excessive vitamin C intake, eating allergic food,
or an intestinal viral or bacterial infection.
Chronic diarrhoea is one of the most common symptoms
of food allergy.
Food allergies are often accompanied by eczema, asthma,
dark circles and puffiness under the eyes headaches
and sometimes behavioural changes.
Deficiency in the enzyme lactase, responsible for
digesting the lactose from dairy products, is a common
cause of gastrointestinal distress. Symptoms range
from minor abdominal discomfort and bloating to severe
Intestinal infections can be divided into viral,
such as rotavirus or enterovirus, or bacterial, such
as campylobacter and salmonella. Parasitic infections
such as giardia may also cause diarrhoea.
Antibiotic therapy can cause diarrhoea.
Untreated Coeliac Disease (severe wheat allergy)
often causes diarrhoea.
Caution: prolonged diarrhoea may cause dehydration
and loss of essential electrolytes and professional
assistance may be required.
Lactobacillus acidophilus and bifidobacteria bifidus
and longum 2 capsules taken three times daily. Re-establishment
of proper bowel microbial flora is important in the
treatment of diarrhoea.
Bentonite clay may absorb poisons from the intestinal
tract and thereby alleviate diarrhoea. This is available
in liquid form.
Charcoal tablets may alleviate many cases of diarrhoea
by removing the underlying toxins that often cause
Slippery elm is a demulcent and can be taken either
as a herbal extract, or as a powder mixed to a paste,
or as a tablet.
Goldenseal (liquid extract) may alleviate diarrhoea
especially when caused by a bacterial infection.
Marshmallow (liquid extract, not the confectionery)
is a soothing demulcent and helps settle the mucous
Echinacea is antibacterial and promotes the normalization
of the immune system.
White Oak Bark (liquid extract) has a high tannin
content, the astringency of which may alleviate chronic
Chamomile (liquid extract or as a tea) may be taken
to relieve diarrhoea and also as an antispasmodic
may help with the cramping that often accompanies
A combination of the above five liquid herbs may
be taken as a 2.5 ml dose three times daily.
During the acute phase of diarrhoea no solid food
should be eaten. Fluid intake should be maintained,
especially dilute fruit and vegetable juices to help
maintain electrolyte balance.
After the acute phase easily digested low allergenic
foods may be taken, including soups, active yogurt,
grated apples, well cooked fruits and vegetables.
Dairy foods should be avoided especially if the patient
is deficient in lactase.
Eczema is a skin complaint involving superficial
inflammation of the skin characterized by itching
(often intense) with a red rash accompanied by small
blisters that often weep. Scaling may develop. The
skin is often dry and thickened. There may be a personal
or family history of eczema and/or asthma.
Eczema may be caused by hypochlorhydria (low stomach
acid, causing intestinal permeability), or allergies
or sensitivity to a substance that is in contact with
the skin. It is aggravated by stress.
Candida albicans overgrowth is often a causative
Essential Fatty Acids in the form of fish oils or
flaxseed oil or evening primrose oil at a therapeutic
dose of 3 4 grams daily may have anti-inflammatory
and anti-allergy effects.
Low zinc is very common in people with eczema and
is necessary for the conversion of fatty acids to
Supplementation with vitamin C and bioflavonoids
may be helpful.
Topically, lavender oil or tea tree oil may alleviate
Licorice, consumed orally or applied topically may
relieve the symptoms of eczema.
Burdock (liquid extract) corrects the underlying
defects in the inflammatory and immune system commonly
found in patients with eczema.
If lesions become infected they should be treated
Food allergies or intolerances cause immediate or
delayed adverse reactions to the ingestion of specific
foods. It may be the culprit behind chronic mysterious
Common signs and symptoms of food allergy include
dark circles and puffiness under the eyes, chronic
diarrhoea or stomach cramps, malabsorption, chronic
infections/, chronically swollen glands, chronic inflammation,
chronic candidiasis, behavioural problems including
ADD type behaviour, anxiety and depression, asthma,
eczema, acne, sinusitis, migraines.
It may be a temporary sensitivity, where the sensitivity
slowly develops by the repetitive eating of a food.
If the food is avoided for a period of time (usually
about 4 months) it may be reintroduced and tolerated
again when eaten infrequently (eg once every 4 days).
It may be a permanent allergy which occurs every
time the food is eaten, whether a long time or a short
one has elapsed between ingestion.
The causes can depend on whether one or both parents
are allergic. Actual trigger factors may be physical
or emotional trauma or stress, immunization reactions
or excessive frequency of consumption of a specific
Incompletely digested proteins may reduce the responsiveness
of the immune system leading to long-term allergic
reactions by producing a state of low tolerance.
Some of the conditions and foods that may provoke
a reaction of intolerance include:
Excessive intake of histamine containing foods
preserved meats like sausage and salami, sauerkraut,
tuna, preserves, spinach and tomato;
Excessive intake of histamine-releasung foods
eggs, crustaceans, strawberry, tomato, chocolate,
bananas, lecithin-containing nuts, alcohol.
Intolerance to foods containing vasoactive amines
tyramine (cabbage, cheese, citrus, seafood,
potato), serotonin (banana), phenylethylamine
Definitive diagnosis may depend on food allergy tests.
The most common and well-known one, the skin-prick
test only measures frank allergy, and does not uncover
"hidden" or "masked" allergies
are involved in 80% of all food allergies.
The oral challenge test is accurate for immediate
hypersensitivities but is not easily applicable to
Hair sample tests can provide a reliable and non-invasive
comprehensive report on food sensitivities.
Avoid identified allergens
Rotate diet until sensitivity decreases
Re-establish proper microbial environment
Heal damaged intestinal mucosa
Correct causative factors such as maldigestion
Lactobacillus and bifidobacteria 2 caps three times
daily - promotes normal bacteria in healthy intestines
and suppresses toxic microbes.
Aloe vera juice 20 ml 3 times daily and slippery
elm to heal and soothe damaged intestinal mucosa.
Quercetin with vitamin C to inhibit inflammatory
response and intestinal smooth muscle irritability.
250 mg three times daily 20 minutes before meals.
Essential fatty acids (EPA/DHA fish oils) to reduce
inflammation 3 4 g daily.
Glutamine to stimulate regeneration of gut mucosa
100 mg three times daily.
Oral hydrochloric acid and pancreatic enzyme supplement
to reestablish normal digestion, taken 20 minutes
Note that improvement will take time and some discipline
as often the person will crave the allergy provoking
Note also that severe allergic reactions involving
anaphylaxis and obstruction of the airway will require
immediate medical attention.
Hypertension involves the repeatable elevation of
blood pressure above the normal range expected in
a particular age group and is a major risk factor
for heart attack or stroke.
Borderline high blood pressure = 120-160/90-94 mmHg
Mild hypertension = 140 -160/95 -104 mmHg
Moderate hypertension = 140 -180/105 -114 mmHg
Severe hypertension = 160+/115+ mmHg
Most cases of hypertension, especially borderline
to mild cases, can be brought under control via diet
Obesity is a major factor in hypertension.
Coffee consumption, alcohol intake, a diet low in
potassium and high in sodium, lack of exercise, smoking,
stress and anxiety all may contribute to elevated
Attaining ideal body weight should be prioritized.
Dietary revision may be required, where higher levels
of vegetables, cold water ocean fish, whole grains
and legumes and less saturated fat and refined carbohydrates
and salt should be consumed.
Regular exercise within the patients capabilities
should be undertaken. This will also help with stress
Vitamin C, 500mg - 1 g three times daily
Essential fatty acids 1g three times daily
Magnesium - 800 mg per day in divided doses
Hawthorn 1:1 liquid extract 1-2 ml three times
Note: If BP has not normalized in mild to moderate
hypertension after following the above measures for
1 3 months or if BP is further elevated, antihypertensive
medications are required. In the case of severe hypertension,
drug intervention is necessary. High blood pressure
should not be taken lightly.
Insulin resistance or "Syndrome X" is a
condition that involves a decrease in the sensitivity
of the bodys cells to the actions of insulin. It
is characterized by decreased sensitivity of the insulin
receptors for insulin. The lack of sensitivity to
the effects of insulin results in a progressively
increasing production of insulin, which drives a craving
for more and more refined carbohydrates, namely, sugar.
This leads to hypoglycaemia, hyperinsulinaemia, and
glucose intolerance, followed by diminishing insulin
sensitivity, hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia,
obesity and type II diabetes.
Causative factors include a familial metabolic predisposition,
ie endocrine vulnerability, a diet already too high
in refined carbohydrates, coffee, alcohol, smoking,
the ageing process and stress.
Signs and symptoms include behavioural problems or
changes, for instance depression or emotional instability,
premenstrual syndrome with sweet cravings and headache,
migraines, angina or atherosclerosis.
Reduction in consumption of refined carbohydrates
and a change to a high complex carbohydrate, high
fibre, low glycaemic index diet to stabilize blood
Reduce or cut out alcohol and tobacco.
Start regular exercise appropriate to the patient,
but that elevates heart rate for 30 minutes at least
three times a week.
Chromium (especially the chromium picolinate form
400 800mcg per day) in a high potency mineral
formula which includes vanadyl sulphate and zinc.
Essential Fatty Acids Fish oils 3000 mg/day
Bitter Melon an antidiabetic
Gymnema an antidiabetic, to reduce the craving
for sweet foods - 2 ml three times daily
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS or PMT) is a combination
of recurrent signs and symptoms that develop during
the 7 14 days prior to menstruation.
Typical symptoms include: decreased energy, tension,
mood swings, irritability, depression, headaches,
altered libido, breast pain, backache, abdominal bloating,
sugar cravings or an increase in appetite, acne.
Hormonal patterns may involve elevated oestrogen
and reduced progesterone, possible hypothyroidism
and elevated prolactin.
Diagnosis is usually made by the association of symptoms
attributed to PMS and their occurrence during the
luteal (second) phase of the menstrual cycle. Further
blood tests may be performed to confirm hormone levels.
PMS is divided into 4 main sub-types:
PMS-A (A= anxiety). This is the most common category,
linked to excess oestrogen and deficient progesterone
during the luteal phase. The most common symptoms
are anxiety, irritability and emotional instability.
These patients often consume excessive dairy products
and simple sugars. Vitamin B6 is often effective for
PMS-C (C= carbohydrate cravings). This category has
increased cravings for sweets, headache, fainting,
fatigue, excess secretion of insulin, high salt intake,
decreased serum magnesium and prostaglandin E1. These
people may be helped by magnesium and essential fatty
PMS-D (D= depression). This is the least common in
its pure form. It is the opposite of PMS-A as it
is caused by decreased oestrogen possibly resulting
from stress induced increase in progesterone and/or
androgens. Its symptoms are depression, confusion
PMS-H (H= hyperhydration). The characteristics of
this are water retention, weight gain, abdominal bloating,
breast tenderness, occasional swelling of face, hands
and ankles. It is a result of excess aldosterone during
the luteal phase arising from stress, oestrogen excess,
magnesium deficiency or excess salt intake. It is
aggravated by coffee, chocolate, nicotine and sodium
and may be eased by vitamin B6 and vitamin E.
Primary causes may include:
Elevayed prolactin levels
Stress and adrenal dysfunction
Impaired liver function is implicated as oestrogen
detoxification a liver function requiring adequate
B vitamins. Its function may be impaired by birth
control pills, pregnancy, alcohol, toxins, steroids
or chemicals or drugs.
Endogenous and exogenous oestrogens can increase
prolactin secretion; elevated prolactin is linked
to breast pain. Chaste berry may help elevated prolactin
due to corpus luteum deficiency and vitamin B6 and
zinc can lower prolactin. It may also be linked to
Reduce fat and refined carbohydrate intake, eliminate
caffeine, increase plant food, low to moderate use
of red meat and dairy. Increase soy foods as soy contains
phytooestrogens which bind to oestrogen receptors.
They have only 2% of potency of endogenous oestrogens
and as such act as anti-oestrogens.
Regular moderate exercise helps with hormonal regulation,
to elevate endorphins and decrease cortisol.
Coping strategies for stress.
Lactobacillus acidophilus and bifidobacteria 2 caps
twice daily reestablish proper gastrointestinal flora
as undesirable colon bacteria interfere with detoxification
of hormones by the liver.
Liver detoxification by using "lipotropic factors"
- choline, methioning, betaine, folic acid, B12, herbal
cholagogues (especially milk thistle) to improve fat
Essential Fatty Acids to overcome gamma-linolenic
acid deficit; the best approach is to combine evening
primrose oil (or blackcurrant oil or borage seed oil)
with 3000 mg/day of EPA/DHA in fish oils. Vitamin
E is usually included in essential fatty acid formulations
and it may reduce nervous tension, fatigue, depression,
insomnia and craving for sweets.
Vitamin B6 some people can take it by itself but
others need the other B vitamin co-factors to convert
it to its active form. Dosage: 50mg 4 times daily.
Magnesium at a dose of 400-800 mg per day in divided
doses to work in synergy with vitamin B6 and to assist
with nervous tension and cramping pain.
Dong Quai 2.5 ml of fluid extract three times daily
from day 14 of menstrual cycle and continue until
menstruation; as a uterine tonic, for menstrual cramps
and for amenorrhoea.
Licorice 5ml of fluid extract three times daily
from day 14 until menstruation. Licorice may lower
oestrogen and reduce water retention. Caution: not
to be used in moderate hypertension.
Black Cohosh 1 ml of fluid extract three times
daily to help reduce depression, anxiety, tension
and mood swings and also for the treatment of uterine
Chaste Tree 2 mls of fluid extract 4 times daily
to normalize secretion of hormones and reduces the
oestrogen/progesterone ratio, lowers prolactin, also
helpful for breast pain, headaches, nervousness, anxiety,
fatigue, irritability and depression, carbohydrate
craving, infrequent or irregular periods or a history
of ovarian cysts.
Stress is a common feature in our society. Anything
may be termed as a stressor job, family, financial
pressures, also exposure to heat or cold, environmental
toxins, physical trauma and strong emotional reactions.
Stress triggers a number of biological changes known
as the General Adaptation Syndrome.
The three phases of the GAS are alarm, resistance
and finally exhaustion. These phases are controlled
and regulated by the adrenal glands.
Alarm phase. The "fight or flight"
response when faced with a stressful situation
is designed to mobilize the bodys resources for
immediate physical activity. It causes the release
of adrenaline, norepinephrine and cortisol. These
hormones direct blood toward the muscles and limbs
in order to permit an individual to fight or flee
and blood sugar levels increase dramatically.
Production of digestive secretions is severely
reduced since digestion is not critical for counteracting
When the stressful situation subsides, the increased
production of adrenaline, norepinephrine and cortisol
revert to normal.
Resistance (or adaptive) phase. This is characterized
by adaptation which involves learning to cope
with the perceived threat (stressor). During this
phase cortisol receptors in the brain become less
sensitive. This causes increased production of
cortisol and results in various disorders controlled
by the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis. Ideally,
the resistance phase continues until the stressful
situation is resolved, leading to a return to
the resting state. Stress-induced conditions such
as headaches, insomnia, hypertension and cardiovascular
disease may occur during this phase.
Exhaustion phase. This occurs when the capacity
for resistance is overwhelmed. This is where stress-induced
diseases usually manifest. It is characterized
by depletion of energy. Prolonged stress places
a load on the heart, blood vessels, adrenals and
immune system and may be experienced as angina,
asthma, autoimmune diseases, cancer, type II diabetes,
depression, headaches, hypertension, lowered immunity,
irritable bowel syndrome, menstrual irregularities
including PMS, ulcers.
The best approach is to manage stress so that there
is less chance of further health complications developing.
Regular exercise and its production of endorphins
is an excellent stress management technique. It leads
to an increased ability to cope with stress and reduces
the risk of stress-related diseases. Yoga or meditation
or prayer or some form of creative outlet such as
painting or writing are also helpful ways of coping
Providing nutrients for ongoing adrenal hormone synthesis
and function is very important.
Potassium 3- 5 g per day
Vitamin C 3 g per day
Vitamins B5 and B6 at therapeutic doses, 150 mg/day
Zinc - 15mg/day
Magnesium 150mg twice daily
Licorice 1-2ml of fluid extract three times daily.
Licorice is a known adrenal tonic. However it is not
to be taken by moderate hypertensives.
Rehmannia 3ml of fluid extract three times daily.
Rehmannia has supports adrenal function and is of
benefit particularly when hypertension is present.
The ginsengs Korean Ginseng (Panax Ginseng) and Siberian
Ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) and Withania
(Withania somnifera or Indian Ginseng) are adaptogens
which means that they:
Protect against mental and physical fatigue;
Provide non-specific resistance against stress;
Normalize an abnormal state caused by some excess
or deficient physiological factor.
Dosages vary between the ginsengs from 2ml of fluid
extract 3 times daily for Korean Ginseng and 3ml
three times daily for Siberian Ginseng to 4 ml three
times daily for Withania. Both Withania and Siberian
Ginseng may be used in cases where Korean Ginseng
is too stimulating, for instance in the case of
patients with hypertension.
URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS/CYSTITIS
Urinary tract infections are characterized by burning
pain on urination, urinary frequency, lower abdominal
pain and are much more common in women.
It may be caused by bacteria being introduced into
the urethra by faecal contamination; compromised immune
function; retention of urine.
Risk factors include pregnancy, rectal intercourse.
Diagnosis is according to signs and symptoms and
urinary findings; microscopic examination of infected
urine shows high white blood cell count and bacteria.
Only 60% of women with UTIs have significant bacteria
in the urine. Chronic interstitial cystitis is a persistent
form not due to infection. Eliminating food allergies
is indicated. The focus should be on promoting the
integrity of the urethral and bladder lining. The
fluid extract of the herb Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica)
improves the integrity of the connective tissue and
heals bladder ulcerations.
Increase the amount of liquids consumed water,
herbal teas, fresh fruit and vegetable juices to promote
urine flow. Avoid soft drinks, concentrated fruit
drinks, alcohol and coffee. Avoid all simple sugars
and refined carbohydrates.
Drink cranberry juice (or blueberry juice) or consume
in tablet form. In order to acidify urine one litre
of cranberry juice must be consumed in one sitting.
Constituents in cranberry juice reduce the ability
of the E.coli bacteria to adhere to the bladder and
urethral lining. Avoid sweetened cranberry juice as
the sweetener suppresses immunity. Instead use unsweetened
juice and sweeten if necessary by using apple or grape
Vitamin C 500 mg every 2 hours
Bioflavonoids -1000mg four times daily
Zinc 15 mg twice daily
Bearberry 1ml fluid extract three times daily.
Bearberry is an antiinflammatory urinary antiseptic
and works best in alkaline environment.
Buchu 1 ml fluid extract three times daily. Also
a urinary antiseptic.
Golden Seal 1-2 ml fluid extract 3 x daily. The
berberine content has anti-microbial activity and
may inhibit the adherence of bacteria to the bladder
Marshmallow 2 ml of fluid extract three times daily.
Marshmallow is a urinary demulcent and soothes the
inflamed mucous membranes.
Vomiting is a digestive system ailment involving
the ejection of the contents of the stomach via the
mouth. It is a symptom of gastritis, gastroenteritis,
and food poisoning.
Usually vomiting is not a process which should be
interfered with as it is the bodys short-term way
of ridding itself of something which may be injurious
to the body in the medium to long-term.
Certain bacteria as encountered in food poisoning
(eg salmonella) and certain pharmaceutical drugs may
Migraines and premenstrual syndrome and inner ear
infections may cause vomiting.
Bulimics may provoke themselves to vomit and the
acidic nature of what passes through the mouth causes
discolouration of the teeth over time.
Severe vomiting may cause dehydration.
Side effects of excessive vomiting may include phosphorus,
potassium and sodium deficiencies.
Ginger (100mg per day) may prevent vomiting due to
the volatile oil shogaol present in ginger.
Ginger may be consumed as a tea, as a fluid extract
and as a culinary herb.
Peppermint tea may also be used to help control vomiting